In previous article, I created a minimal API project and we saw what is the default code in the project template. We are going to extend on that code now.
In this article, we are going to configure EF Core DbContext in the minimal APIs and we are going to write APIs to perform CRUD operation on one entity.
- Make sure you have .NET 7 installed
- Make sure you have Visual Studio 2022 (17.4 preview ) version installed. This is needed only because .NET 7 is supported only on this version of Visual Studio.
- Follow steps in this post to create a class library which has EF Core data access layer. Let’s say project name is “MinimalApiDemo.DataAccess“. Essentially, it should contain only
StudentEntityand an additional class for design time support. Generate the migrations and apply the migrations using the commands given there.
- Follow steps in the previous article to create a minimal API project. Let’s say, project name is MinimalApiDemo.
Reorganize Code in API Project
Currently, in the API project, all the code is located in
Program.cs file. This file has all the code in this project. Now, let’s divide the code into separate files.
Let’s create the folder ‘
Bootstrapper‘ and create two classes in it.
AppBuilderclass which builds the WebApplication instance and returns it. Note that this class also registers the database dependencies.
RequestPipelineBuilderclass which contains code to build the request pipeline.
The code from these two files is given below.
Now, let’s go to API project, MinimalApiDemo and right click on it and click on Add Project Reference. Select the another project from the solution, which is MinimalApiDemo.DataAccess.
Let’s create the Api folder in the API Project. Then, add a file
StudentsApi.cs. This file should contain the logic to register URL routes and the respective handlers. The code snippet shows how this file should look like.
Note that, for this demo, I have created a static class
StudentsApi, which contains a static method to
RegisterApis. In this same method, I registered four routes:
- two for get, endpoints,
- one for post, for creating the student
- one for delete, for deleting the student
The complete code from this file is given below.
Finally, let’s update the main method.
- It should first create the
- Then it should make a call to configure request process pipeline
- Then the main method can call
StudentApi.RegisterApismethod to register the APIs
app.Runto make the server up and running.
The code is pretty much same as it is in the default project template. The only difference now is, we have organized the code in different files and that’s why the number of lines of code in the main method is reduced.
Run and Verify
Please make sure that you have executed the commands to generate and apply the migrations.
Once the database is created, we can run the application. It should present us the swagger UI. From this UI, let’s first create a student using POST endpoint. Then use get by id endpoint to make sure that exists.
Next, let’s use delete endpoint to invoke the delete operation. Later, again call get operation to ensure that there are no records. If all of those operations work without any error, we can say that the our minimal API application is working.
Here, I have used static class and static method to register API routes and handlers. I am not sure if there is any other better way for registering APIs.
One thing that I could have done is, I could have extracted the handlers into separate classes. That way, the driving platform could have been made completely independent of the actual application logic. But for this demo I thought it might be too much of work.
Do you have any thoughts about this way of organizing the code ? Do you want to suggest any other way in which the code in minimal API can organized ? Let me know your thoughts.